Iranian Librarian Bloggers
Librarian and Information Science News in Iran
Tuesday, February 05, 2013
Wednesday, November 26, 2008
Applications for PhD program
The Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto is accepting applications for its PhD program for the academic year 2009/2010.
All full-time doctoral students receive four years of funding full tuition plus a stipend of $15,000 Canadian (in 2008/2009) each year. The Faculty provides doctoral students with numerous opportunities to participate in a wide variety of international and interdisciplinary research studies. Research areas include critical information studies; library and information science; archives and record management; information systems, media, and design; cultural heritage; and knowledge management and information management; and collaborative programs including Book History and Print Culture; and Knowledge Media Design. For information on the program consult our website http://www.ischool.utoronto.ca/content/blogcategory/117/132.
If you have any questions contact David Philips, Chair of the PhD program, at firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Lis Disscusion Group
Wednesday, May 14, 2008
An Abstract for Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM): A Medical Librarian's Definition
An Abstract for Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM)
By: Farhad Shokraneh
B.Sc Student, Medical Library & Information Science Department
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is a method that uses best evidences in decision-making of clinical practice for certain patient in his/her special situation, regarding reliability and efficacy of evidences. EBM needs clinical skills, information retrieval expertise (i.e. PICO search strategy), appraisal and critical thinking, and applying findings to reduce risks and improve care processes.
So EBM users continue Evidence-Based Practice captured in 5A (Ask, Acquire, Appraise, Apply and Assess) to create a Critically Appraisal Topic (CAT) (2, 5). They use some tools like Journal Club in Appraise of quality (5). Other way of Quality control of evidences is to classify them in three or four Levels(1) to determine the Best Evidence. These levels ranked by the type of evident studies. For example Systematic review is base stone of EBM,(4) Randomized Control Trials (RCTs), Clinical Trials, etc. are other useful types.
Most famous pioneers of EBM are Avicenna in his book The Canon of Medicine in the 11th century(3,6) and A. Cochrane, D. Sackett, and G. Guyatt in the 20th century(1). Nowadays some websites and databases like Cochrane.org, Cochrane Library, TRIP Database, and BMJ.com(1) made available EBM documents.
1. "Evidence-based medicine", From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Accessed 13 May 2008, online Available At: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evidence-based_medicine>.
2. Booth, Andrew (2007),"Evidence in 'real time': the story of an international workshop", Health Information and Libraries Journal 24, p. 227-231.
3. D. Craig Brater and Walter J. Daly (2000), "Clinical pharmacology in the middle Ages: Principles that presage the 21st century", Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 67 (5), p. 447-450 .
4. Kiley, Robert (2003), Medical Information on the Internet: A Guide for Health Professionals. New York: Elsevier (Churchill-Livingstone).
5. Pearce-Smith, Nicola (2006)" A journal club is an effective tool for assisting librarians in the practice of evidence-based librarianship: a case study". Health Information and Libraries Journal, 23(1), p 1-78.
6. Walter J. Daly and D. Craig Brater (2000), "Medieval contributions to the search for truth in clinical medicine", Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (4), p. 530–540 .
Labels: Evidence-Baced Medicine (EBM)
Tuesday, December 25, 2007
next conference of ILISA
Next conference of ILISA :
Subject : EFQM in libraries
Lecturer: Dr Faraj pahloo and Dr Tafreshi
16:30 - 18:30
Location : Tehran- haghani gateway - National library- shariatzadeh salon
Friday, November 23, 2007
bibliometric handbook and definitions of indicators published by Karolinska Institute.The handbook describe the advantages and disadvantages of different indicators and methods and give instructions on how to interpret the indicators and other results of bibliometric analysis.